<?php namespace Illuminate\Support;

class NamespacedItemResolver {

	/**
	 * A cache of the parsed items.
	 *
	 * @var array
	 */
	protected $parsed = array();

	/**
	 * Parse a key into namespace, group, and item.
	 *
	 * @param  string  $key
	 * @return array
	 */
	public function parseKey($key)
	{
		// If we've already parsed the given key, we'll return the cached version we
		// already have, as this will save us some processing. We cache off every
		// key we parse so we can quickly return it on all subsequent requests.
		if (isset($this->parsed[$key]))
		{
			return $this->parsed[$key];
		}

		$segments = explode('.', $key);

		// If the key does not contain a double colon, it means the key is not in a
		// namespace, and is just a regular configuration item. Namespaces are a
		// tool for organizing configuration items for things such as modules.
		if (strpos($key, '::') === false)
		{
			$parsed = $this->parseBasicSegments($segments);
		}
		else
		{
			$parsed = $this->parseNamespacedSegments($key);
		}

		// Once we have the parsed array of this key's elements, such as its groups
		// and namespace, we will cache each array inside a simple list that has
		// the key and the parsed array for quick look-ups for later requests.
		return $this->parsed[$key] = $parsed;
	}

	/**
	 * Parse an array of basic segments.
	 *
	 * @param  array  $segments
	 * @return array
	 */
	protected function parseBasicSegments(array $segments)
	{
		// The first segment in a basic array will always be the group, so we can go
		// ahead and grab that segment. If there is only one total segment we are
		// just pulling an entire group out of the array and not a single item.
		$group = $segments[0];

		if (count($segments) == 1)
		{
			return array(null, $group, null);
		}

		// If there is more than one segment in this group, it means we are pulling
		// a specific item out of a groups and will need to return the item name
		// as well as the group so we know which item to pull from the arrays.
		else
		{
			$item = implode('.', array_slice($segments, 1));

			return array(null, $group, $item);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Parse an array of namespaced segments.
	 *
	 * @param  string  $key
	 * @return array
	 */
	protected function parseNamespacedSegments($key)
	{
		list($namespace, $item) = explode('::', $key);

		// First we'll just explode the first segment to get the namespace and group
		// since the item should be in the remaining segments. Once we have these
		// two pieces of data we can proceed with parsing out the item's value.
		$itemSegments = explode('.', $item);

		$groupAndItem = array_slice($this->parseBasicSegments($itemSegments), 1);

		return array_merge(array($namespace), $groupAndItem);
	}

	/**
	 * Set the parsed value of a key.
	 *
	 * @param  string  $key
	 * @param  array   $parsed
	 * @return void
	 */
	public function setParsedKey($key, $parsed)
	{
		$this->parsed[$key] = $parsed;
	}

}