/*

File: PVRTexture.m
Abstract: The PVRTexture class is responsible for loading .pvr files.

Version: 1.0

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/*
 * Extended PVR formats for cocos2d project ( http://www.cocos2d-iphone.org )
 *	- RGBA8888
 *	- BGRA8888
 *  - RGBA4444
 *  - RGBA5551
 *  - RGB565
 *  - A8
 *  - I8
 *  - AI88
 */

#import <Availability.h>

#import <zlib.h>

#import "CCTexturePVR.h"
#import "ccMacros.h"
#import "CCConfiguration.h"
#import "Support/ccUtils.h"
#import "Support/CCFileUtils.h"
#import "Support/ZipUtils.h"
#import "Support/OpenGL_Internal.h"

#pragma mark -
#pragma mark CCTexturePVR

#define PVR_TEXTURE_FLAG_TYPE_MASK	0xff

// Values taken from PVRTexture.h from http://www.imgtec.com
enum {
	kPVRTextureFlagMipmap		= (1<<8),		// has mip map levels
	kPVRTextureFlagTwiddle		= (1<<9),		// is twiddled
	kPVRTextureFlagBumpmap		= (1<<10),		// has normals encoded for a bump map
	kPVRTextureFlagTiling		= (1<<11),		// is bordered for tiled pvr
	kPVRTextureFlagCubemap		= (1<<12),		// is a cubemap/skybox
	kPVRTextureFlagFalseMipCol	= (1<<13),		// are there false coloured MIP levels
	kPVRTextureFlagVolume		= (1<<14),		// is this a volume texture
	kPVRTextureFlagAlpha		= (1<<15),		// v2.1 is there transparency info in the texture
	kPVRTextureFlagVerticalFlip	= (1<<16),		// v2.1 is the texture vertically flipped
};


static char gPVRTexIdentifier[4] = "PVR!";

enum
{
	kPVRTexturePixelTypeRGBA_4444= 0x10,
	kPVRTexturePixelTypeRGBA_5551,
	kPVRTexturePixelTypeRGBA_8888,
	kPVRTexturePixelTypeRGB_565,
	kPVRTexturePixelTypeRGB_555,				// unsupported
	kPVRTexturePixelTypeRGB_888,				// unsupported
	kPVRTexturePixelTypeI_8,
	kPVRTexturePixelTypeAI_88,
	kPVRTexturePixelTypePVRTC_2,
	kPVRTexturePixelTypePVRTC_4,	
	kPVRTexturePixelTypeBGRA_8888,
	kPVRTexturePixelTypeA_8,
};

static const uint32_t tableFormats[][7] = {
	
	// - PVR texture format
	// - OpenGL internal format
	// - OpenGL format
	// - OpenGL type
	// - bpp
	// - compressed
	// - Cocos2d texture format constant
	{ kPVRTexturePixelTypeRGBA_4444, GL_RGBA,	GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4,				16, NO, kCCTexture2DPixelFormat_RGBA4444	},
	{ kPVRTexturePixelTypeRGBA_5551, GL_RGBA,	GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_5_5_1,				16, NO, kCCTexture2DPixelFormat_RGB5A1		},
	{ kPVRTexturePixelTypeRGBA_8888, GL_RGBA,	GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE,						32, NO, kCCTexture2DPixelFormat_RGBA8888	},
	{ kPVRTexturePixelTypeRGB_565,	GL_RGB,		GL_RGB,	 GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5,				16, NO, kCCTexture2DPixelFormat_RGB565		},
	{ kPVRTexturePixelTypeA_8,		GL_ALPHA,	GL_ALPHA,	GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE,					8,	NO, kCCTexture2DPixelFormat_A8			},
	{ kPVRTexturePixelTypeI_8,		GL_LUMINANCE,	GL_LUMINANCE,	GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE,			8,	NO, kCCTexture2DPixelFormat_I8			},
	{ kPVRTexturePixelTypeAI_88,		GL_LUMINANCE_ALPHA,	GL_LUMINANCE_ALPHA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE,	16,	NO, kCCTexture2DPixelFormat_AI88		},
#ifdef __IPHONE_OS_VERSION_MAX_ALLOWED
	{ kPVRTexturePixelTypePVRTC_2,	GL_COMPRESSED_RGBA_PVRTC_2BPPV1_IMG, -1, -1,				2,	YES, kCCTexture2DPixelFormat_PVRTC2		},
	{ kPVRTexturePixelTypePVRTC_4,	GL_COMPRESSED_RGBA_PVRTC_4BPPV1_IMG, -1, -1,				4,	YES, kCCTexture2DPixelFormat_PVRTC4		},
#endif // iphone only
	{ kPVRTexturePixelTypeBGRA_8888, GL_RGBA,	GL_BGRA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE,						32,	NO, kCCTexture2DPixelFormat_RGBA8888	},
};
#define MAX_TABLE_ELEMENTS (sizeof(tableFormats) / sizeof(tableFormats[0]))

enum {
	kCCInternalPVRTextureFormat,
	kCCInternalOpenGLInternalFormat,
	kCCInternalOpenGLFormat,
	kCCInternalOpenGLType,
	kCCInternalBPP,
	kCCInternalCompressedImage,
	kCCInternalCCTexture2DPixelFormat,
};

typedef struct _PVRTexHeader
{
	uint32_t headerLength;
	uint32_t height;
	uint32_t width;
	uint32_t numMipmaps;
	uint32_t flags;
	uint32_t dataLength;
	uint32_t bpp;
	uint32_t bitmaskRed;
	uint32_t bitmaskGreen;
	uint32_t bitmaskBlue;
	uint32_t bitmaskAlpha;
	uint32_t pvrTag;
	uint32_t numSurfs;
} PVRTexHeader;


@implementation CCTexturePVR

@synthesize name = name_;
@synthesize width = width_;
@synthesize height = height_;
@synthesize hasAlpha = hasAlpha_;

// cocos2d integration
@synthesize retainName = retainName_;
@synthesize format = format_;


- (BOOL)unpackPVRData:(unsigned char*)data PVRLen:(NSUInteger)len
{
	BOOL success = FALSE;
	PVRTexHeader *header = NULL;
	uint32_t flags, pvrTag;
	uint32_t dataLength = 0, dataOffset = 0, dataSize = 0;
	uint32_t blockSize = 0, widthBlocks = 0, heightBlocks = 0;
	uint32_t width = 0, height = 0, bpp = 4;
	uint8_t *bytes = NULL;
	uint32_t formatFlags;
	
	header = (PVRTexHeader *)data;
	
	pvrTag = CFSwapInt32LittleToHost(header->pvrTag);

	if ((uint32_t)gPVRTexIdentifier[0] != ((pvrTag >>  0) & 0xff) ||
		(uint32_t)gPVRTexIdentifier[1] != ((pvrTag >>  8) & 0xff) ||
		(uint32_t)gPVRTexIdentifier[2] != ((pvrTag >> 16) & 0xff) ||
		(uint32_t)gPVRTexIdentifier[3] != ((pvrTag >> 24) & 0xff))
	{
		return FALSE;
	}
	
	CCConfiguration *configuration = [CCConfiguration sharedConfiguration];

	flags = CFSwapInt32LittleToHost(header->flags);
	formatFlags = flags & PVR_TEXTURE_FLAG_TYPE_MASK;
	BOOL flipped = flags & kPVRTextureFlagVerticalFlip;
	if( flipped )
		CCLOG(@"cocos2d: WARNING: Image is flipped. Regenerate it using PVRTexTool");
	
	if( ! [configuration supportsNPOT] &&
	   ( header->width != ccNextPOT(header->width) || header->height != ccNextPOT(header->height ) ) ) {
		CCLOG(@"cocos2d: ERROR: Loding an NPOT texture (%dx%d) but is not supported on this device", header->width, header->height);
		return FALSE;
	}
	
	for( tableFormatIndex_=0; tableFormatIndex_ < (unsigned int)MAX_TABLE_ELEMENTS ; tableFormatIndex_++) {
		if( tableFormats[tableFormatIndex_][kCCInternalPVRTextureFormat] == formatFlags ) {
			
			numberOfMipmaps_ = 0;
					
			width_ = width = CFSwapInt32LittleToHost(header->width);
			height_ = height = CFSwapInt32LittleToHost(header->height);
			
			if (CFSwapInt32LittleToHost(header->bitmaskAlpha))
				hasAlpha_ = TRUE;
			else
				hasAlpha_ = FALSE;
			
			dataLength = CFSwapInt32LittleToHost(header->dataLength);
			bytes = ((uint8_t *)data) + sizeof(PVRTexHeader);
			format_ = tableFormats[tableFormatIndex_][kCCInternalCCTexture2DPixelFormat];
			bpp = tableFormats[tableFormatIndex_][kCCInternalBPP];
			
			// Calculate the data size for each texture level and respect the minimum number of blocks
			while (dataOffset < dataLength)
			{
				switch (formatFlags) {
					case kPVRTexturePixelTypePVRTC_2:
						blockSize = 8 * 4; // Pixel by pixel block size for 2bpp
						widthBlocks = width / 8;
						heightBlocks = height / 4;
						break;
					case kPVRTexturePixelTypePVRTC_4:
						blockSize = 4 * 4; // Pixel by pixel block size for 4bpp
						widthBlocks = width / 4;
						heightBlocks = height / 4;
						break;
					case kPVRTexturePixelTypeBGRA_8888:
						if( ! [[CCConfiguration sharedConfiguration] supportsBGRA8888] ) {
							CCLOG(@"cocos2d: TexturePVR. BGRA8888 not supported on this device");
							return FALSE;
						}
					default:
						blockSize = 1;
						widthBlocks = width;
						heightBlocks = height;
						break;
				}
				
				// Clamp to minimum number of blocks
				if (widthBlocks < 2)
					widthBlocks = 2;
				if (heightBlocks < 2)
					heightBlocks = 2;

				dataSize = widthBlocks * heightBlocks * ((blockSize  * bpp) / 8);
				float packetLength = (dataLength-dataOffset);
				packetLength = packetLength > dataSize ? dataSize : packetLength;
				
				mipmaps_[numberOfMipmaps_].address = bytes+dataOffset;
				mipmaps_[numberOfMipmaps_].len = packetLength;
				numberOfMipmaps_++;
				
				NSAssert( numberOfMipmaps_ < CC_PVRMIPMAP_MAX, @"TexturePVR: Maximum number of mimpaps reached. Increate the CC_PVRMIPMAP_MAX value");
				
				dataOffset += packetLength;
				
				width = MAX(width >> 1, 1);
				height = MAX(height >> 1, 1);
			}
					  
			success = TRUE;
			break;
		}
	}
	
	if( ! success )
		CCLOG(@"cocos2d: WARNING: Unsupported PVR Pixel Format: 0x%2x. Re-encode it with a OpenGL pixel format variant", formatFlags);
	
	return success;
}


- (BOOL)createGLTexture
{
	GLsizei width = width_;
	GLsizei height = height_;
	GLenum err;
	
	if (numberOfMipmaps_ > 0)
	{
		if (name_ != 0)
			glDeleteTextures(1, &name_);
		
		glPixelStorei(GL_UNPACK_ALIGNMENT,1);
		glGenTextures(1, &name_);
		glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, name_);
	}

	CHECK_GL_ERROR(); // clean possible GL error

	// Generate textures with mipmaps
	for (GLint i=0; i < numberOfMipmaps_; i++)
	{
		GLenum internalFormat = tableFormats[tableFormatIndex_][kCCInternalOpenGLInternalFormat];
		GLenum format = tableFormats[tableFormatIndex_][kCCInternalOpenGLFormat];
		GLenum type = tableFormats[tableFormatIndex_][kCCInternalOpenGLType];
		BOOL compressed = tableFormats[tableFormatIndex_][kCCInternalCompressedImage];
		
		if( compressed && ! [[CCConfiguration sharedConfiguration] supportsPVRTC] ) {
			CCLOG(@"cocos2d: WARNING: PVRTC images are not supported");
			return FALSE;
		}			
		
		unsigned char *data = mipmaps_[i].address;
		unsigned int datalen = mipmaps_[i].len;
		
		if( compressed)
			glCompressedTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, i, internalFormat, width, height, 0, datalen, data);
		else 
			glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, i, internalFormat, width, height, 0, format, type, data);

		if( i > 0 && (width != height || ccNextPOT(width) != width ) )
			CCLOG(@"cocos2d: TexturePVR. WARNING. Mipmap level %u is not squared. Texture won't render correctly. width=%u != height=%u", i, width, height);
		
		err = glGetError();
		if (err != GL_NO_ERROR)
		{
			CCLOG(@"cocos2d: TexturePVR: Error uploading compressed texture level: %u . glError: 0x%04X", i, err);
			return FALSE;
		}
		
		width = MAX(width >> 1, 1);
		height = MAX(height >> 1, 1);
	}
		
	return TRUE;
}


- (id)initWithContentsOfFile:(NSString *)path
{
	if((self = [super init]))  
	{ 
		unsigned char *pvrdata = NULL;
		NSInteger pvrlen = 0;
		NSString *lowerCase = [path lowercaseString];       
		
        if ( [lowerCase hasSuffix:@".ccz"]) 
			pvrlen = ccInflateCCZFile( [path UTF8String], &pvrdata );
			
		else if( [lowerCase hasSuffix:@".gz"] )
			pvrlen = ccInflateGZipFile( [path UTF8String], &pvrdata );
		
		else
			pvrlen = ccLoadFileIntoMemory( [path UTF8String], &pvrdata );
		
		if( pvrlen < 0 ) {
			[self release];
			return nil;
		}			
		

        numberOfMipmaps_ = 0;
        
		name_ = 0;
		width_ = height_ = 0;
		tableFormatIndex_ = -1;
		hasAlpha_ = FALSE;

		retainName_ = NO; // cocos2d integration
		
		if( ! [self unpackPVRData:pvrdata PVRLen:pvrlen] || ![self createGLTexture]  ) {
			free(pvrdata);
			[self release];
			return nil;
		}
		
		free(pvrdata);
	}

	return self;
}

- (id)initWithContentsOfURL:(NSURL *)url
{
	if (![url isFileURL])
	{
		CCLOG(@"cocos2d: CCPVRTexture: Only files are supported");
		[self release];
		return nil;
	}
	
	return [self initWithContentsOfFile:[url path]];
}


+ (id)pvrTextureWithContentsOfFile:(NSString *)path
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithContentsOfFile:path] autorelease];
}


+ (id)pvrTextureWithContentsOfURL:(NSURL *)url
{
	if (![url isFileURL])
		return nil;
	
	return [CCTexturePVR pvrTextureWithContentsOfFile:[url path]];
}


- (void)dealloc
{
	CCLOGINFO( @"cocos2d: deallocing %@", self);
	
	if (name_ != 0 && ! retainName_ )
		glDeleteTextures(1, &name_);
	
	[super dealloc];
}

@end